Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly. The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East. The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy. Palestine has been settled continuously for tens of thousands of years. Fossil remains have been found of Homo Erectus, Neanderthal and transitional types between Neanderthal and modern man.
History of the Jews and Judaism in the Land of Israel
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She wanted to do her part for the Jewish state so she moved to Jerusalem, became an Israeli citizen and found work as a counsellor for boys with behavioural problems. And then something happened that caused her to veer from the traditional Zionist path: Today, the pair are one of only a few hundred Jewish-Arab married couples living in Israel and unions like theirs – though rare – are a source of deep anxiety for some Israelis who believe intermarriage could ultimately mean the end of the Jewish state.
The issue of mixed marriages has rocketed into the national debate after Israel’s education ministry banned a book that tells the story of love affair between an Arab man and a Jewish woman. Over the course of 16 largely happy years of marriage and raising children, the couple have had to vault hurdles thrown up by the Israeli state and their respective societies. He grew up in a family with little education but who had Jewish neighbours on a nearby kibbutz.
His parents were unfazed when their son presented his Jewish partner to the family. The location of the wedding was not entirely about being close to Varda’s family: Jews and non-Jews are unable to legally marry in Israel. The marriage registry in Israel is controlled by the Orthodox chief rabbi who refuses to administer weddings for Jews who marry outside the faith. Bringing up their three children has also involved compromises and improvisations.
Varda was adamant that her children would have bar or bat mitzvahs but the family mixes Jewish and Muslim traditions at Friday night dinner. Both Arabic and Hebrew are spoken in the house. The kids go to a mixed Arab-Jewish school but when they are 18 they will be eligible to be conscripted into the military by a state that considers them Jewish because their mother is a Jew.
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The Yishuv relied on money from abroad to support their settlements. In the Zionist Organization founded the Palestine Office , under Arthur Ruppin , for land acquisition, agricultural settlement and training,  and later for urban expansion. The first Hebrew high schools were opened in Palestine as well as the Technion , the first institution for higher learning. Hashomer , a Zionist self-defence group, was created to protect the Jewish settlements.
Labor organizations were created along with health and cultural services, all later coordinated by the Jewish National Council. By , the old Yishuv was a minority and the new Yishuv began to express itself and its Zionist goals.
Now they speak Amharic and Tigrinya , both Semitic languages. Their liturgical language is Ge’ez , also Semitic. Oral traditions[ edit ] Many of the Beta Israel accounts of their own origins stress that they stem from the very ancient migration of some portion of the Tribe of Dan to Ethiopia, led it is said by sons of Moses, perhaps even at the time of the Exodus, or perhaps due to later crises in Judea, e. Though all the available traditions  correspond to recent interpretations, they reflect ancient convictions.
According to Jon Abbink; three different versions are to be distinguished among the traditions which were recorded from the priests of the community. The Falashas [ sic ] migrated like many of the other sons of Israel to exile in Egypt after the destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonians in BCE the time of the Babylonian exile. This group of people was led by the great priest On.
They remained in exile in Egypt for few hundred years until the reign of Cleopatra. When she was engaged in war against Augustus Caesar the Jews supported her. When she was defeated, it became dangerous for the small minorities to remain in Egypt and so there was another migration approximately between 39—31 BCE. Some of the migrants went to South Arabia and further to the Yemen. Some of them went to the Sudan and continued on their way to Ethiopia , helped by Egyptian traders who guided them through the desert.
Some of them entered Ethiopia through Quara near the Sudanese border , and some came via Eritrea.
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The Jerusalem Post is the leading online newspaper for English speaking Jewry since , bringing news and updates from the Middle East and all over the Jewish world.
See Article History Alternative Titles: It is bounded to the north by Lebanon , to the northeast by Syria , to the east and southeast by Jordan , to the southwest by Egypt , and to the west by the Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem is the seat of government and the proclaimed capital, although the latter status has not received wide international recognition.
Israel is a small country with a relatively diverse topography, consisting of a lengthy coastal plain, highlands in the north and central regions, and the Negev desert in the south. Running the length of the country from north to south along its eastern border is the northern terminus of the Great Rift Valley. The State of Israel is the only Jewish nation in the modern period, and the region that now falls within its borders has a lengthy and rich history that dates from prebiblical times.
The area was a part of the Roman Empire and, later, the Byzantine Empire before falling under the control of the fledgling Islamic caliphate in the 7th century ce. Although the object of dispute during the Crusades , the region, then generally known as Palestine, remained under the sway of successive Islamic dynasties until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, when it was placed under British mandate from the League of Nations.
Even before the mandate, the desire for a Jewish homeland prompted a small number of Jews to immigrate to Palestine , a migration that grew dramatically during the second quarter of the 20th century with the increased persecution of Jews worldwide and subsequent Holocaust perpetrated by Nazi Germany. Israel fought a series of wars against neighbouring Arab states during the next 35 years, which have resulted in ongoing disputes over territory and the status of refugees. Despite continuing tensions, however, Israel concluded peace treaties with several neighbouring Arab states during the final quarter of the 20th century.
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Jerusalem was also destroyed. Ben-Sasson has proposed that the “Crisis under Caligula” 37—41 was the “first open break between Rome and the Jews”. Nevertheless, forty years later the Jews put forth efforts to recover their former freedom. With Israel exhausted, they strove to establish commonwealths on the ruins of Hellenism in Cyrene, Cyprus, Egypt, and Mesopotamia. From this time on, in spite of unimportant movements under Antoninus, Marcus Aurelius, and Severus, the Jews, reduced in numbers, destitute, and crushed, lost their preponderance in their own homeland.
Yet despite the decree, there has been an almost continual Jewish presence in Jerusalem for 3, years, and 43 Jewish communities in Israel remained in the 6th century: One of the most significant changes was the shift of the center of religious authority from the Temple Priesthood to Rabbis. Such Jews were eventually enfranchised, and often remained in their land of former slavery, establishing communities with other Jews. However, contemporary scholars now accept that Bar Hebraeus based his figure on a census of total Roman citizens.
The figure of 6, , being recorded in Eusebius’ Chronicon , although this number is seen by modern scholarship as huge exaggeration. They collected an annual temple tax from Jews both in and outside of Israel. The revolts in and suppression of diaspora communities in Egypt, Libya and Crete in — CE had a severe impact on the Jewish Diaspora population.
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Looking for a nice Jewish husband? Israelis can be a great choice as a partner for life! Israeli Girls First things first: Israeli girls are really beautiful.
I’m still open to dating an marrying a nice goy BUT he will know from the get go who and what I am above all else, I am a Jewish woman and I love Medinat Israel above my own life. I can cook Korean foodwithout pork and shrimp.
At the same time, I have to admit that I have not dated Israeli girls, I have only dated Jewish girls living in the Diaspora i. I DO have a bunch of Israeli friends though both guys and girls , and so I have a very good idea of what they are like. Israeli girls are more direct and straightforward than other Jewish girls and maybe a little more mature and grounded. Other Jewish girls may hide what they are thinking a bit more. My advice and tips below apply to both Israeli girls and non-Israeli Jewish girls.
If you live outside Israel you have to search a lot more as Jews are obviously much less common. Here are two of the best ways to meet Jewish girls when living outside Israel: Online Dating You can definitely meet Jewish girls online actually you can meet Israeli girls online too. There are two main options here for online dating sites. The first option is getting yourself on a Jewish-only dating site. The advantage of a site like this is that almost every member is Jewish, and they allow you to see more detailed Jewish info, such as what type of Judaism they practice Reform, Conservative, Traditional, Orthodox, etc.
And that is what makes JDate a great site — you can browse and find many Jewish girls there from across the country and even halfway around the world!
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Jewish peoplehood , an ethnic identity composed of several subdivisions that evolved in the Diaspora. Jewish religion , observance of spiritual and ritual tenets of Judaism. Jewish culture , celebration of traditions, secular and religious alike. There are religious, cultural, and ancestral components to Jewish identity due to its fundamental non-proselytizing nature, as opposed to Christian or Muslim identity which are both “universal” religions in that they ascribe to the notion that their faith is meant to be spread throughout all of humanity, regardless of nationality, and still are, though to a far lesser extent than throughout its history in the case of Christianity.
The popular Orthodox Jewish dating service, Frumster, will change its name to JWed, according to JWed CEO and primary majority owner, Ben Rabizadeh.
While alternative translations exist, the majority of biblical archeologists translate a set of hieroglyphs as “Israel”, representing the first instance of the name Israel in the historical record. The Bible states that David founded a dynasty of kings and that his son Solomon built a Temple. Both the biblical and Assyrian sources speak of a massive deportation of the people of Israel and their replacement with an equally large number of forced settlers from other parts of the empire — such population exchanges were an established part of Assyrian imperial policy, a means of breaking the old power structure – and the former Israel never again became an independent political entity.
The Samaritan people claim to be descended from survivors of the Assyrian conquest. The recovered seal of the Ahaz , king of Judah, c. Assyrian records say he leveled 46 walled cities and besieged Jerusalem, leaving after receiving tribute. However, in the last half of the 7th century Assyria suddenly collapsed, and the ensuing competition between the Egyptian and Neo-Babylonian empires for control of Palestine led to the destruction of Judah in a series of campaigns between and The defeat was also recorded by the Babylonians in the Babylonian Chronicles.
One of the 21 LMLK seals found near the ancient city of Lachish , which has an inscription written in Paleo-Hebrew alphabet and is dated from the reign of Hezekiah Babylonian Judah suffered a steep decline in both economy and population  and lost the Negev, the Shephelah, and part of the Judean hill country, including Hebron, to encroachments from Edom and other neighbours. Isaiah 40—55, Ezekiel , the final version of Jeremiah , the work of the Priestly source in the Pentateuch, and the final form of the history of Israel from Deuteronomy to 2 Kings  Theologically, they were responsible for the doctrines of individual responsibility and universalism the concept that one god controls the entire world , and for the increased emphasis on purity and holiness.
Judah remained a province of the Persian empire until BCE. According to the biblical history, Cyrus issued a proclamation granting subjugated nations their freedom.
Jewish Dating Israel
However, because of the unwieldy complexity of the legal disputations recorded in the Talmud, more manageable codifications of talmudic laws became necessary and were indeed compiled by successive generations of rabbinical scholars. Some of these have acquired great authority and are in general use. For this reasons we shall refer for the most part to such compilations and their most reputable commentaries rather than directly to the Talmud. It is however correct to assume that the compilation referred to reproduces faithfully the meaning of the talmudic text and the additions made by later scholars on the basis of that meaning.
Dating Abroad, Travel Destinations» Israel. Dating & Romance. Posted December 1, by Road Junky.. You don’t have to be Jewish to get a date in Israel. In fact, it kind of helps if you’re not. Israelis are some of the most beautiful people in the world with a hundred races blending together.
Peace Agreements History of the Settlement Movement Following Israel’s resounding defeat of the invading Arab armies in the Six-Day War , strategic concerns led both of Israel’s major political parties – the Labor and Likud – to support and establish settlements at various times. The first settlements were built by Labor governments from to , with the explicit objective to secure a Jewish majority in key strategic regions of the West Bank – such as the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem corridor – that were the scene of heavy fighting in several of the Arab-Israeli wars.
In , only five sparsely populated settlements existed beyond the Green Line. The second wave of settlement construction began with the occupation of the Park Hotel in Hebron , a city with a long, rich Jewish history dating back to biblical times that had only been interrupted by a massacre of Jewish residents by Arabs in During Passover , Rabbi Moshe Levinger and his wife, Miriam, rented a hotel for 10 days in the center of Hebron and invited 30 families to stay with them.
In , the government relocated them to Kiryat Arba , a former military base on edge of the city. Those who came to Hebron in were the first of the ideological settlers who believed that Israel’s victory the prior year was an act of God which indicated divine providence that the historic Land of Israel should be restored to the Jewish people.
Their purpose was to solidify Israel’s hold on territory that was part of biblical and historical Israel and preempt the creation of a Palestinian state. Just after the election , 1, Jews were living in 38 settlements. A third group of Jews who are today considered “settlers,” moved to the West Bank primarily for economic reasons; that is, the government provided financial incentives to live there, and the towns were close to their jobs. In recent years, many of these Jews have come from more religious communities because of housing shortages in places such as Bnei Brak and Jerusalem.
According to Professor Sara Hirschhorn, Americans comprise about 15 percent of the settlement population.
Myths & Facts: Israel’s Roots (Chapter 1)
Largely segregated communities and separate education systems mean that there are few opportunities for young Arabs and Jews to become familiarized with each other. In addition, civil marriage is banned in Israel, meaning that in the small number of cases where Jews and Arabs want to wed, they can do so only by leaving the country for a ceremony abroad. Motti Zaft, the deputy mayor, told the Ynet website that the municipality was also cracking down on city homeowners who illegally subdivide apartments to rent them cheaply to single Arab men looking for work in the Tel Aviv area.
One member, who identified himself as Moshe to The Jerusalem Post newspaper, said: In the last 10 years, 60 girls from Pisgat Zeev have gone into [Palestinian] villages [in the West Bank]. Last year, the municipality of Kiryat Gat, a town of 50, Jews in southern Israel, launched a program in schools to warn Jewish girls of the dangers of dating local Bedouin men.
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Based on moon cycles instead of sun cycles “Leap months” are added to sync up with sun cycles Used to be calculated by observation Calculated mathematically since 4th century Years are numbered from Creation A few years ago, I was in a synagogue , and I overheard one man ask another, “When is Chanukkah this year? Holidays are celebrated on the same day of the Jewish calendar every year, but the Jewish year is not the same length as a solar year on the civil calendar used by most of the western world, so the date shifts on the civil calendar.
Background and History The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: These three phenomena are independent of each other, so there is no direct correlation between them. The civil calendar used by most of the world has abandoned any correlation between the moon cycles and the month, arbitrarily setting the length of months to 28, 30 or 31 days.
The Jewish calendar, however, coordinates all three of these astronomical phenomena. Years are either 12 or 13 months, corresponding to the